Category: Eye Conditions

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Epiretinal membrane
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Epiretinal membrane

What is an epiretinal membrane? An epiretinal membrane (also known as cellophane maculopathy or macular pucker) is a condensation of a fibrous “membrane” on the surface of the macula. The macula is the centre of the retina where the highest visual acuity is obtained. The membrane causes the surface of the macula to become wrinkled...

Eye floaters, eye flashes and retinal tears
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Eye floaters, eye flashes and retinal tears

What are flashes and floaters and why are they important? To help understand this question it is important to first understand the anatomy of the eye. The inside of the eye is filled with the gel-like substance called the vitreous. The vitreous has a jelly like consistency when we are young and is firmly attached...

Cataract Surgery in Cape Town with Dr Lapere
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Cataract Surgery in Cape Town with Dr Lapere

What is a cataract? A cataract is a clouding of the lens in your eye. The lens consists of proteins which can denature over time. This decreases the amount of light entering the eye and causes blurry vision or a general decrease in the quality of vision. How does a cataract affect your sight? Blurry...

Retinal Detachment Surgery
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Retinal Detachment Surgery

What is a Retinal Detachment? A retinal detachment (torn retina) is an emergency condition in which the thin layer of tissue which contain the rods and cones (the retina) pulls away from its normal position, causing loss of vision. It often requires retinal detachment surgery. It usually arises from a retinal hole or retinal tear...

Choroidal Melanoma (eye cancer)
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Choroidal Melanoma (eye cancer)

Information for patients referred for plaque therapy You have been diagnosed with a choroidal melanoma in your eye by your ophthalmologist and have been referred for an assessment and treatment. Please take some time to read this information leaflet to answer some of your questions. If you still have urgent queries you may contact Loretta...

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

What is age-related macular degeneration? Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a disease that affects the central vision you need for “straight-ahead” activities such as reading and driving. AMD is different to a macular hole. The macula is the name given to the centre of the retina, and is the area where all fine detailed vision...

Retinal Vein Occlusion
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Retinal Vein Occlusion

Everything You Need to Know about Retinal vein occlusion What is a retinal vein occlusion? Occlusion of a retinal vein is a common cause of sudden painless reduction in vision. It occurs when a blood clot forms in a retinal vein. The retina is the thin membrane that lines the inner surface of the back...

Retinal detachment
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Retinal detachment

What is a retinal detachment? The inside of the eye is full with a gel-like substance called the vitreous. The vitreous has a gel-like consistency when we are young and is firmly attached to the front of the eye on the inside (called the vitreous base). The retina is the tissue that lines the inside...

Macular Hole
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Macular Hole

What is a “Macular Hole”? The “macula” is the centre of the retina where the highest visual acuity is obtained. A macular hole is a full thickness defect in this important location of the retina. It is equivalent to a hole in the centre of the film in a camera. This hole is as a...

Blepharitis
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Blepharitis

What is blepharitis? Blepharitis is a long lasting or chronic inflammatory condition of the eyelid edges. It may be associated with some skin conditions, such as very dry or very oily skin and dandruff. Blepharitis is caused by particles of dead skin blocking the duct opening at the inner edge of the lids. If left...